EM-DAT Sources of Information

Where Do the EM-DAT Figures Come From?

The EM-DAT database is compiled from various sources, including United Nations, governmental and non-governmental agencies, insurance companies, research institutes, and the press. As of September 2023, the most common sources are included in the table below. For futher inquiries on the data collection and selection process, see EM-DAT Protocols.

Source name Category Type of disasters covered
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) / ReliefWeb United Nations Natural hazards
World Food Programme (WFP)1 United Nations Drought/Famine
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) United Nations Natural hazards
World Health Organization (WHO) United Nations Epidemics
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)1 United Nations Drought/Famine
United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP) United Nations Natural hazards
National Governments (Reports) National Gov. Natural and technological hazards
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) United States Natural hazards (America)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) United States Natural hazards
Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) United States Natural and technological hazards
US Geological Survey (USGS) United States Earthquakes
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) United States Epidemics
National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI, formerly the National Geophysical Data Center - NGDC)1 United States Natural hazards
European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) European Union Natural hazards
Dartmouth Flood Observatory (DFO) Research center Floods, landslides and storms
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Humanitarian aid organization Natural and technological hazards
World Bank (Reports) Inter-Governmental Organizations Major natural hazards and disasters
SwissRe ReInsurance Companies Natural and technological hazards
MünichRe Reinsurance Companies Natural hazards
AON Benfield Reinsurance Companies Natural hazards
Lloyd’s casualty magazine (paid subscription)1 Reinsurance Companies Natural hazards
Agence France Press (paid subscription) Press/Other Natural and technological hazards
Reuters1 Press/Other Natural and technological hazards
The new humanitarian (former IRIN News)1 Press/Other Natural and technological hazards (mostly Africa)
FloodList Press/Other Floods
Wikipedia Press/Other Natural and technological hazards
Plane Crash Info Press/Other Transport accidents (Air)

  1. Historical source no longer used ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎ ↩︎